Faculty of Economics
Module 3. Specifics of the EU agrarian policy
Theme 1. Lecture «Evolution of the Unified agricultural policy of the European Union».
The Common Agricultural Policy of the EU as a result of political and economic compromise between states. Basic principles, aims and objectives of the EU Common Agricultural Policy (EU CAP).
The stages of the EU CAP evolution: 1950-1960 – Preparation of the Treaty of Rome, the formulation of the aims and principles of the EU CAP; 1960-1970 – Customs Union; “Green Rate”; 1980s – The introduction of Maximum Guaranteed Quantity (MGQ), joint and several tax liability. The budgetary stabilizers; 1990s – McSharry reform; 2000s – “Action Plan for 2000” («Agenda 2000»).
Actual problems of the EU CAP (after 2013): economic, environmental, and social. Prospects for the EU CAP adapting to the new conditions
Theme 2. Case study «The Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union».
General level of prices for agricultural products (cereal crops and beef). The focus is on the strategy of the general level of prices for the agricultural products and “green rate” in the EU countries.
Theme 3. Webinar «Sustainable development of rural territories».
The disparity between the development of agricultural and rural areas as a challenge of our time. The meaning of the term “rural development”. The EU Rural Development Policy: “The future of rural society (1988); “The Cork Declaration” (7-9 November, 1996, Cork, Ireland): Ten basic principles of rural development in the European Union.
The role of rural areas in the EU economy in 2000s. Rural development as a priority for the EU CAP. The interconnection between the EU Rural Development Policy and the EU Spatial Development Policy. Priorities for the EU Rural Development Policy in 2010s.
Theme 4. Video lecture «The EU Innovation Policy in agriculture and food industry».
The EU: the policy of promoting researches and innovations for the agricultural sector. The EU Framework Programmes for Researches and Technological Development in the agrarian sector. The integrated system for diversifying crop protection (Endure Network). The Program to control epizootic animal diseases (Epizone). A new European program for research and innovation (Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation (2014)
The role of Technology Platforms for developing innovative processes. The main Technology Platforms on the issue of agriculture and food production in the EU.
The program “Future Internet Public Private Partnership”: the projects “Smart agricultural production”; “Smart logistics “, “Healthy attitude to food”, the project “CROPS”, and others.
Biotechnology in agriculture. Bioeconomy. Transgenic crops, products, GMO products, organic production.
Theme 5. Workshop «Specifics of funding the agricultural sector in the EU countries».
Financing the EU Common Agricultural Policy is an essential item of the EU budget. The European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development. The EU budget costs for the EU CAP in 2013-2015. Features of the national level of financing agriculture in the EU countries.
The level and structure of government support for the EU agricultural sector. The methods used to assess the level of government support for agricultural production in the EU.
Module 2. Ensuring food safety in the European Union
The fate of nations depends on how they feed
(J.A. Brihaye-Savarin, French Economist,
Politician, Author of the treatise «Physiology of Taste»)
Theme 1. Lecture «The EU food law».
The background of the EU Agricultural law. The EU Agricultural law at the present stage. The main spheres of the EU Agricultural law.
Regulation №178 / 2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January, 2002 on the general principles and requirements of the Food law; the general concepts of the EU Food law. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). The scope of the Regulations.
The Regulation for the EU imports and exports. Coordinating the EU Food Policy. The EU Food Safety law (“the EU hygiene package”) and of the Council on official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules
Theme 2. Workshop «Codex Alimentarius» as the global dialogue on food safety»
The Codex Alimentarius (Food Code) as a set of international standards for food. The principles for the system of standards. The Codex Alimentarius Commission (established in 1963). The scope of the Code. The types of food for which there are standards. The EU system HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points), the “new approach” to food safety – “from farm to fork»
Theme 3. Workshop «Modern innovative technologies in agricultural manufacturing (HACCP system)».
The EU system HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points). Legal and regulatory framework (Codex Alimentarius, Rome, 1997)
Directive 93/43 / EEC on food hygiene; Dutch Standard (Netherlands, 2002); Danish Standard DS 3027 – 2002; British Standard BRC, BRC-IOP)
The IFS Food Standard is a GFSI (Global Food Safety Initiative) recognized standard for auditing food manufacturers ISO 22000-2005 the International Standard of the International Organization for Standardization.
The principles of the EU system HACCP.
Workshop 4. «Development of the environment-friendly food market in the European Union».
The EU is the center of developing the regulation policy for the market of GMO products. “Ecological, organic production” is the program of developing organic farms. The European market of organic food. The leaders of the organic food market. The ways to promote organic food.
Theme 5. Workshop «Problems of biological safety of food».
The food quality and its monitoring. Labeling for food products. Contamination of food raw materials and food with xenobiotics of chemical and biological origin. (The classification of harmful and foreign substances in the food raw materials, drinking water, and food). Contaminants to be controlled in different groups of food raw materials and food products (toxic elements, nitrates, pesticides). The standards for measuring substance toxicity. The methods to find and count mycotoxins and to control food contamination.